Adjusting the scales: Obesity in the Canadian population after correcting for respondent bias
October 23, 2014
Obesity is best described as a condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to such an extent that a person’s health may be adversely affected. Obesity has become one of the world’s greatest health concerns and threatens to undo gains made in life expectancy during the 20th century. An extensive body of research has found associations between excess body weight and numerous chronic conditions, including type 2 diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, gallbladder disease and certain types of cancer. Nevertheless, the amount of excess fat, its distribution throughout the body, and the associated health consequences, can vary considerably between individuals. Despite cultural norms that stigmatize excess weight, and glance strong evidence of its adverse health effects, the prevalence of obesity continues to rise.
Highlights From the Report
– One in four adult Canadians, or about 6.3 million people, were obese in 2011–2012. Since 2003, the proportion of Canadians who were obese has increased 17.5%.
– More men than women were obese, and obesity has increased more for men than women over the past eight years.
– The lowest proportions of obese people were found in Canada’s three largest cities (Toronto, Montréal, Vancouver) and in areas of southern British Columbia; the highest levels were found in Atlantic Canada, the Prairies, the Territories, and smaller cities in northern and southwestern Ontario.
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